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CFrame stands for Coordinate Frame. All objects inherited from BasePart have CFrame properties. These define where an object is, and its orientation (how it is rotated). The Position is part of a CFrame, along with a rotation matrix that defines how the object is oriented.

For example, in a place with a few bricks scattered about, put this in the command line:

The output will show something like this, though your numbers will be different if you place the brick in a different location:

0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1

The first 3 numbers from all that is the 3D position of an object, in this case


. The last 9 numbers make up a Rotation Matrix which describes which way the object is rotated, in this case

1 0 0
0 1 0
0 0 1


Using CFrames

CFrames are, since they tell you exactly where an object is and how it's rotated, very useful for making things move exactly where you want them. Let's take a look at how to use CFrames to your advantage.

Moving bricks around

Open up a new place with a part.

In the Command Line, type in this bit here and hit enter:

Workspace.Part.CFrame =, 50, 0)

You should see that the brick moved up a good distance, you may need to move the camera to see it. What you just did is change where the brick is, by changing it's CFrame. As you should know from the absolute beginner's guide to scripting, you changed the Part's CFrame property, or value by using the equal sign. You set Part.CFrame to a new CFrame, by using the constructor. You constructed a new CFrame using 3 different values. This told the Lua engine to set the brick's CFrame to 0, 50, 0, which set it's position to


, making the brick move to that position.

CFrame you're changing Set To Position of where you want the brick
game.Workspace.Part.CFrame =, 50, 0)
The object named "Part" in Workspace Move to here

But wait! CFrames are not just useful for moving bricks around. When you change the CFrame property directly with a command, you can place bricks inside of other bricks. This is something that the Position property cannot do. You can also rotate bricks, but this is a little more complex.

Rotating bricks

At the bottom of this page you'll see a few tables that give you the different constructors for CFrame. You can see a bunch of new() commands, which all have different arguments inside of the function. This is because there are several different ways to create a CFrame. You can use just a position, like in the above example, or you can use the more complex ones.

In the case of rotating bricks the popular option is to actually use one of the operators instead of a Constructor.

CFrame you're changing Set To Position of where you want the brick With Rotation of Brick
game.Workspace.Part.CFrame =, 50, 0) * CFrame.Angles(0, math.pi, 0)
The object named "Part" in Workspace The same spot we just put the brick Rotate this much

What this does is take the object you want to rotate; creates a CFrame from it's current location; and uses the * operator to compose the rotation CFrame, which you created with CFrame.Angles

The CFrame.Angles constructor creates a CFrame that is just rotations. In the Moving Bricks part we created one that was just a position. Bricks use the CFrame for both rotation and position, which is what you create when you use the * operator. It takes the position CFrame and the Rotation CFrame, and combines them.


The numbers returned by CFrame.Angles() are radians (one radian is equal to the radius of the circle).

  • math.pi/2 (A quarter turn, or 90 degrees)
  • math.pi (A half turn, or 180 degrees)
  • math.pi*2 (A full turn, or 360 degrees)
  • math.pi + math.pi/2 (Three-quarters turn, or 270 degrees)

For more information on radians, see Radians.

CFraming more than one object

To CFrame more than one object we use the Get_(Method) to create a table of all selected objects, then we use a foor loop to CFrame all of the selected objects.

Used in the command bar:

for _,v in pairs(game.Selection:Get()) do v.CFrame = v.CFrame *, 0, 0) end


These Constructors are used for creating CFrame values.

Constructor Description Creates a blank identity CFrame position) Creates CFrame from position. position, Vector3 point) Creates CFrame from position, and looking at point. x, number y, number z) Creates CFrame from position (x, y, z). x, number y, number z, number qx, number qy, number qz, number qw) Creates CFrame from position (x, y, z) and quaternion (qx, qy, qz, qw)., y, z, R00, R01, R02, R10, R11, R12, R20, R21, R22) Creates a CFrame at (x, y, z) with an orientation specified by the rotation matrix
R00 R01 R02
R10 R11 R12
R20 R21 R22
CFrame.fromEulerAnglesXYZ(number rx, number ry, number rz) Creates a rotated CFrame using angles (rx, ry, rz) in radians.
CFrame.Angles(number rx, number ry, number rz) Same function as fromEulerAnglesXYZ, shorter (preferred) name. Equivalent to:

CFrame.Angles(rx, 0, 0) * CFrame.Angles(0, ry, 0) * CFrame.Angles(0, 0, rz)

This is only available in 2010+ clients. For older clients, use the equivalent fromEulerAnglesXYZ function.

CFrame.fromAxisAngle(v, r) Creates a rotated CFrame from a Unit Vector3 and a rotation in radians


When you want to use just the position data from a CFrame you can use these properties of CFrames. Note that they are read only, meaning that you can use them, but you cannot change them. (ie: CFrame.x = 5 will not work, but a = CFrame.x will work)

Property Type Description
CFrame.p Vector3 The 3D position of the CFrame
CFrame.x number the x-component of the Vector3 position
CFrame.y number the y-component of the Vector3 position
CFrame.z number the z-component of the Vector3 position
CFrame.lookVector Vector3 returns the facing direction (unit vector)


Member Function Description
CFrame:inverse() returns the inverse of this CFrame
CFrame:toWorldSpace(CFrame) returns a CFrame transformed from Object to World coordinates.
CFrame:toObjectSpace(CFrame) returns a CFrame transformed from World to Object coordinates.
CFrame:pointToWorldSpace(Vector3) returns a Vector3 transformed from Object to World coordinates.
CFrame:pointToObjectSpace(Vector3) returns a Vector3 transformed from World to Object coordinates.
CFrame:vectorToWorldSpace(Vector3) returns a Vector3 rotated from Object to World coordinates.
CFrame:vectorToObjectSpace(Vector3) returns a Vector3 rotated from World to Object coordinates.
CFrame:components() returns the CFrame values: x, y, z, R00, R01, R02, R10, R11, R12, R20, R21, R22
CFrame:toEulerAnglesXYZ() returns "best guess" angles that could be used to generate CFrame


These operators are used for combining CFrames and Vector3s.

Operator Description
CFrame * CFrame returns composition of two CFrames
CFrame * Vector3 returns Vector3 transformed from Object to World coordinates
CFrame + Vector3 returns CFrame translated (slid) by Vector3
CFrame - Vector3 returns CFrame translated (slid) by -Vector3

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